Knowing Some Foods to Avoid When Pregnant

Pregnancy is one of the most important periods before becoming a mother. Therefore, a prospective mother should really pay attention to various things during pregnancy, one of which is food. Many foods are safe to eat, but not a few foods to avoid during pregnancy. Based on the type and way of processing, here are some foods to avoid during pregnancy. Foods to Avoid

When Pregnant Some foods to avoid during pregnancy are raw foods, junk food, milk and cheese without pasteurization, fruit and vegetables that are not washed and alcohol. While some foods that should be restricted during pregnancy include seafood, offal and caffeine. Here’s the complete explanation:

1. Seafood

At present, sea water pollution has entered the limit is quite alarming. Plastic wastes and various chemical wastes that are toxic as metal and mercury floating and deposited in the oceans will certainly affect the environment of marine life, such as fish and shellfish.

Therefore, pregnant women are encouraged to limit the consumption of seafood. Although it contains quite a lot of nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and fatty acids.

Several types of seafood contained quite a lot of chemical waste, especially mercury such as sharks, tuna, marlyn fish, king mackarel and shellfish. Experts advise to limit consumption of fish with high mercury levels, no more than 1-2 servings / month. As for types of fish with low mercury content such as anchovies, salmon, freshwater fish (catfish, carp or tilapia) and types of shrimp-crackers can be consumed up to 2 times a week.

2. Raw or Half Food

Raw or half-cooked foods, both fish and meat, are among the foods that should be avoided during pregnancy. Why? because these types of foods can increase the risk of infection from various bacteria and parasites. One of the most vulnerable infections in pregnant women when consuming raw foods is listeria or listeriosis infection. Bacteria that cause listeria infection can be found in soil, water, and plants that have been contaminated.

This infection is quite dangerous, both to the safety of mother and baby. In addition to causing a miscarriage, babies are born at great risk of suffering from severe neurological disorders including mental disorders, epilepsy, and blindness.

For that, you should consume food with a perfect level of maturity. Avoid the consumption of sushi and steak with the level of rare or medium maturity. In addition, choose vegetables or vegetables that are safe to eat. Make sure to wash it clean so that no bacteria is left behind. If necessary, vegetables can be boiled or steamed in advance for a few minutes.

3. Offal

Actually the innards or organs in animals such as the liver provide some essential nutrients. Like iron, vitamin B12, vitamin A and copper, which is full of good for pregnant women and their babies.

However, experts advise to limit their consumption, only once a week. It aims to avoid the toxicity of vitamin A and copper due to excessive intestinal consumption which can cause birth defects and liver toxicity.

4. Raw Eggs

As has been said before, that raw food consumption should be avoided during pregnancy. This suggestion also applies to eggs. Raw eggs may be contaminated with Salmonella bacteria. The impact of this bacterial toxicity can lead to the emergence of several symptoms such as deman, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Use pre-pasteurized or cooked eggs to avoid Salmonella bacteria infection in eggs.

5. Junk Food

Junk food or junk food is a term used to describe unhealthy food because it contains only a few nutrients with a relatively high sugar or fatty content. That’s why junk food is one of the foods that should be avoided during pregnancy. Consumption of this type of food especially during pregnancy can increase the risk of pregnancy or birth complications such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes.

6. Milk and Cheese without Pasteurization

Milk and cheese without pasteurization or heating process should be avoided by pregnant women, as it may contain several harmful bacteria such as Listeria, Salmonella, E. coli and Campylobacter. Bacterial infections will certainly be very threatening mother’s safety as well as the fetus in the womb. In order to minimize the risk of bacterial infection, should the consumption of milk, cheese and various olahannnya products that have passed the process of pasterurisasi.

7. Unwashed Fruits and Vegetables

Fruit and vegetable surfaces may be contaminated by various types of bacteria or parasites from the soil or through the process of harvesting, storage, transportation to market, both traditional and modern. One of the dangerous infections that can arise from the consumption of fruit and vegetables that are not washed first is toxoplasmosis.

This infection is caused by Toxoplasma gondii parasites that can stick long in fruit and vegetables. Most people with toxoplasmosis often do not cause symptoms. In the meantime, some people may experience flu-like symptoms lasting longer than a month. Pregnant women who suffer from toxoplasmosis infection can infect the baby. As a result, there will be brain damage, hearing loss and visual impairment in infants that may arise months or years after birth.

8. Alcohol and Caffeine

Consuming alcohol during pregnancy is highly discouraged, as it may affect the baby’s brain development and increase the risk of miscarriage and birth defects. Pregnant women who consume alcohol are at greater risk of fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). This syndrome can cause physical deformities, heart abnormalities and mental retardation in later infants.

Meanwhile for caffeine, experts recommend limiting their intake to less than 200 mg during pregnancy. Just known, in a cup of brewed coffee (237 ml) contains about 95 mg of caffeine. A cup of tea (237 ml) contains about 47 mg of caffeine and 12 ounces (355 ml) of soft drinks containing about 33 mg of caffeine.

That’s some food also drinks that should be avoided or limited intake during pregnancy. Notice correctly all the intake of food to be consumed, because it will greatly affect the baby and grow later.

Vitamins for People With Lack of Sleep (Often Staying Away)

Ideally everyone should get enough sleep at night, but there are certain conditions that keep him literate, for example because of doing a task, work, or maybe because of insomnia. If this condition persists, then lack of sleep has a bad effect on health. So, is there any effort to minimize the bad effects? Fortunately there are vitamins for people who are sleep deprived so that the harm to health can be minimized, while making the quality of sleep to be better at night. One of the sleep disorders that can also be overcome is insomnia. Insomnia is defined as, the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep long enough.insomnia can have an impact on carelessness in the workplace, increased risk of accidents, and even have a higher chance of suffering a heart attack.

Seeing the bad effects, then it’s time for you who often lack of sleep (stay up) to routinely take vitamins that will be described below. Here are 7 kinds of vitamins for people who are sleep deprived:

1. Vitamin D

Vitamin D is also called as a sunshine vitamin, which is known to help build strong bones and allow the body to absorb calcium well. However, vitamin D was also affect the quality of sleep, its usefulness can make sleep become sound throughout the night. A study in 2014 showed that higher vitamin D intake was significantly associated with a decreased risk of having difficulty in maintaining sound sleep. Vitamin D is easy to get if exposed to regular sun exposure and diligent eating foods such as fish, eggs, tofu, or supplements on the market.

2. Vitamin B

Vitamin B is a group of water-soluble micronutrients, this vitamin plays an important role in cell metabolism and many other important bodily functions – it seems one of them is related to sleep quality. Here are some types of B vitamins for people who sleep less due to insomnia:

  • Vitamin B3 (niacin) improves sleep quality in people who experience insomnia due to depression and increase the effectiveness of tryptophan. This vitamin is also reported to help people who usually fall asleep quickly but woke up at night.
  • Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) is good for relieving stress and anxiety. Lack of B5 can cause sleep disturbance and fatigue.
  • Vitamin B9 (folic acid), deficiency has been associated with insomnia.
  • Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) is reported to help insomniacs who have sleep problems, as well as promote normal sleeping cycles.

Vitamin B deficiency can cause early signs of insomnia and even anxiety and depression. Foods rich in B vitamins include bananas, avocados, fish, wheat, beans, and eggs. You may also consider using a vitamin B complex supplement, or a good quality multivitamin.

3. Calcium

Like Vitamin D, Calcium is better known for its role in maintaining a strong skeletal system. However; also affect the sleep cycle. A study in 2009 showed that calcium and magnesium deficiency can cause a person to wake up after a few hours of sleep and can not go back to sleep.

Calcium helps the brain use tryptophan amino acids to produce melatonin substances that stimulate sleep. This explains why dairy products, which contain tryptophan and calcium, are among the best sleep inducers. In addition to dairy products, calcium is also found abundant in green vegetables, nuts and seeds.

4. Magnesium

According to the Medical Encyclopedia, “Magnesium is required for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. It helps maintain normal nerve and muscle function, supports a healthy immune system, keeps the heart rate steady, and helps keep bones strong.

Megnesium also helps the absorption of calcium, and plays a role in regulating sleep. One of the main symptoms of magnesium deficiency is insomnia, and the inability to maintain sleep quality throughout the night. From Initial Rich foods include magnesium green vegetables, dark chocolate, almonds, cashews, molasses, and seaweed. If you decide to take magnesium supplements, the magnesium threonate form may be best to use, as it can penetrate the cell membrane, allowing better absorption.

5. Zinc (Zinc)

Zinc plays an important role in wound freezing, regulate the immune system, maintain thyroid function, and much more, including helping to regulate sleep. Zinc is found in large quantities in beef, beans, nuts, pumpkin seeds, kinoa and shrimp. With regard to supplements, zinc picolinate seems most easily absorbed by the body.

6. Tryptophan

Tryptophan is an essential amino acid commonly found in nuts, green vegetables, fish, poultry, dairy products, and eggs. If you are sleepy after eating the food, then that’s one of the effects of tryptophan. Tryptophan can be so, because it has an important role in the production of sleep hormone serotonin, which helps the body go into parasympathetic mode, ‘rest’.

Taking L-tryptophan can reduce the amount of time it takes to fall asleep and improve the mood in healthy people with sleep problems. There is also some evidence that taking L-tryptophan may decrease episodes in some people who periodically stop breathing during sleep (sleep apnea).

7. Melatonin

Last but not least, melatonin is a natural hormone made by the pineal gland – a pea-sized gland found in the center of the brain. These levels of this hormone in the blood usually begin to rise around 9 pm, causing drowsiness, and levels remain high for more than 12 hours. Besides being produced by the body, melatonin is also found in some foods, including pineapple, bananas, rice, tomatoes, oranges, wheat, and also supplements.

It is best to raise melatonin levels naturally, by exposure to bright sunlight during the day and total darkness at night during sleep. If that’s not possible, you can use a melatonin supplement. Keep in mind that only very small doses are required – usually starting at a dose of 0.25 mg or 0.5 mg. In conclusion, whatever the reason is not good continuous lack of sleep. Immediately solve the problem, one with vitamins for better quality of your sleep.

How To Properly Treat Your Own Burn Injuries at Home

What do you do when you have a burn? Most people apply it with toothpaste, but is this the right move ?. Surely, how to treat burns should not be considered trivial. If this initial step is right done, then the chances of recovery will be better.

What is a burn? In order to treat burns on target, our perception of this condition should be appropriate. In medical terms the burn is referred to as a combustio ie injury or injury to the body caused by high or hot temperatures. So, burns can appear at any time because the cause is not always straight from a fire burn.

Burns can occur when the skin is touched by a hot pot, exposed to splashes or hot spills, or exposed to sunlight for long periods of time. Electrical shock also falls into this category. Burns themselves have their levels. The first level is considered the lightest because it only concerns the outer surface of the skin. Such burns generally cause only slight pain, redness, and swelling. Another case with second degree burns that affect the deeper layers of skin. This usually triggers the appearance of blister sores (like the image at the beginning). Next is a 3rd degree burn that causes damage to all layers of the skin, symptoms include glossy white skin color such as wax, charred, and uneven leather texture. Worse than that is the 4 degrees already damaging the joints and bones.

Knowing the degree is very important, as this will determine the proper treatment or handling of burns. For example, in someone who suffered 3 and 4 degree burns, then he must be immediately rushed to the ER Hospital. While for those who suffered degree 1 and 2 burns with a wound depth of less than 3 inches (about 7.5 cm), can take care of itself at home. Handling of burns should be adjusted to the degree of burns.

For that, let us learn how to treat burns at home and which drugs should be avoided. How to Treat Burns at Home Mild burns generally take about 1-2 weeks to recover completely, and usually this wound will not cause scars. The goal of treatment to be mentioned below is to reduce the pain, prevent infection, and heal the skin more quickly. This is the right way to handle burns at home:

1. Cold water

The first thing to do when exposed to minor burns is splashing cold water (not ice water) into the area for 20 minutes. After that, clean the burning area using baby soap and water.

2. Cold compress

Cold compress or wet cloth placed on the burning skin can also relieve pain and swelling. Apply compresses with a 5-15 minute time lag as excessive use can aggravate irritation.

3. Antibiotic ointment

Applying an antibiotic cream or ointment over an injured skin can prevent further infection. After applying, cover the skin with a sterile gauze.

4. Aloe vera

Problem burning handling, aloe vera is one of the champion. Various studies show that aloe vera is effective in healing burns level 1 and 2. In addition, aloe vera is also anti-inflammatory, can stimulate circulation, and prevent bacterial growth. You live smear the skin with pure aloe vera gel, whether taken directly from the leaves or from products sold in stores. If the finished product is your choice, make sure that the high tongue level is high, and the product is not added with additives, especially dyes and perfumes.

5. Honey

Just like aloe vera, you can also apply honey to skin affected by minor burns to cure it. Besides being anti-inflammatory, honey also contains antibacterial and antifungal agents.

6. Avoid exposure to sunlight

How to treat the next burn of course is to avoid direct sunlight. Even if the activity requires you to be outdoors, then often take shelter. The reason is because skin that has been exposed to burns tend to be sensitive to sunlight. So cover that part also with clothing or other.

7. Avoid squeezing blisters

It is very tempting to squeeze or break blister burns, but do not do it. When blisters blister prematurely, then it can trigger an infection. Therefore, wait a few days or let it break itself. You should check it to the doctor if you are worried about it.

8. Drinking painkillers

If burns make you sick, then take analgesic drugs or pain reliever sold freely in pharmacies, such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Be sure to consume the recommended dosage, and use it as necessary.

Drug burns to avoid

In addition to how to treat burns earlier, there are also other methods of handling burns that many people believe. Unfortunately, the methods in question are not effective, and can even aggravate the condition. What are they?

1. Butter

Never apply butter to burns. Besides not yet proven scientifically effective, butter can even worsen the wound. The nature of butter that locks the heat can fertilize the dangerous bacteria that cause infection.

2. Certain oil

It is true that coconut oil has 1001 good benefits for the body, but this does not apply to burns. The reason is the same as the butter, coconut oil and other oils like olives, withstand the heat that can keep skin burning. And although lavender oil is thought to help heal burns, there is little scientific evidence to support it. Various studies conducted on rats for example, do not show that lavender oil can treat burns.

3. Egg whites

Myths how to treat other burns is with egg whites. Unfortunately, raw egg white is not sterile and can actually increase the risk of bacterial infection so it should not be applied to burns. In addition, egg whites can also trigger allergic reactions.

4. Toothpaste

Never apply toothpaste to burns even though many friends suggest you do it. The reason is because the ingredients of toothpaste can irritate burns making it more prone to infection. Moreover, toothpaste is also not sterile.

5. Ice

Ice or very cold water can irritate more burns. Never attach ice cubes directly to the skin, normal skin alone should not let alone the injured. For that use cold water only.

Time to see a doctor

As mentioned earlier, the burn has several levels that can be distinguished from its characteristics. Although grade 1 and 2 burns can be resolved at home, check your doctor immediately if the burn is as below:

  • Large, more than 3 inches (7.5 cm) in diameter.
  • Regarding face, hands, buttocks, or groin.
  • Very painful or smelly.
  • Trigger high fever.
  • Due to electronic devices or electrocution – can cause damage to deep tissue skin.
  • Including degree 3 – should not be handled alone because of the risk of triggering infection, bleeding, and shock.

By applying the ways to treat burns above, it is hoped the healing process will be faster without meaningless complications.

13 Light and Light Dangerous Dangerous Diseases

A mild form of stress can be tension or flu. If prolonged, stress can lead to the arrival of serious illnesses ranging from chronic gastritis, diabetes, heart disease to depression. Actually, stress does not always have a negative impact.

In another form called eustress, stress actually brings good effect to mental health. Triggering someone to be more motivated and passionate in living life. Unfortunately, most people prefer to be friends familiar with distress. This type of stress that brings negative impacts both for mental health and overall body health. If not treated immediately, this condition can trigger the arrival of various types of diseases such as the following.

Various diseases caused by stress to watch out :

1. Headaches.

Headache becomes a disease caused by stress that almost certainly afflicted the sufferer. Strain muscles as well as nerves in the head due to stress, can cause tension headaches, migraines up to tingling on one or both sides of the head. Duration can be short or even lasting, depending on the level of stress experienced.

2. Flu

The link between stress and decreased immunity has been proven by many experts. Hormone levels of cortisol are soaring when stress can weaken the immune response to various threats, including flu virus. As a result someone who is more easily infected with the flu. It can even get worse and harder to go, if the stress experienced does not go away.

3. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a condition characterized by the onset of symptoms of weakness and persistent drowsiness that never goes away despite having a lot of rest. Although until now researchers have not found the main cause of this condition, but stress is strongly suspected to play a big role in it. Suspicious if you experience exhaustion that does not disappear even for months.

4. Sleep Disorders Stress

makes the brain filled with the burden of thoughts and emotions, the result can lead to sleep disorders such as insomnia. If allowed to drag on, this stress-induced illness can have implications for blood pressure to shorten the age.

5. Fertility problems

Until now, stress is a strong reason that affects the fertility rate of both men and women. Imagine, stress can cause premature ejaculation in men and disruption of menstrual cycles in women. Increase the risk of infertility to trigger domestic rifts.

6. Back Pain

The wrong attitude of the body when the move is generally the main cause of back pain. However, if the back pain experienced continues to persist never healed, it could be emotional pressure or stress is the cause. Stress can trigger painful and often painful physical tension in the soft tissues of the neck, shoulders, back, and buttocks. For that, if the treatment of back pain often does not produce positive results, try to pay attention to mental and emotional conditions themselves.

7. Obesity

Lazy exercise is not the only reason that causes a person stuck in obesity. There is another reason behind this condition, that is stress! Increased hormone cortisol when stress can increase appetite and trigger the desire to eat sweet foods are also fatty. The body will store more fat, especially in the abdominal area.

8. Digestive Disorders

Notice how emotional fluctuations often stimulate the onset of reactions in the stomach. Do not be surprised, because the stomach and intestines have nerves that connect directly to the brain. That’s why when stress, not infrequently accompanied by the arrival of health problems in the digestive system. Stress can cause ulcer, GERD to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) syndrome.

9. Diabetes Stress

can cause diabetes in two ways. First, changing your diet is bad. Second, making the pancreas a difficulty in secreting the hormone insulin as a blood sugar controller.

10. Heart Disease

Many paths for stress to lure the arrival of the top killer in this world. Stress can directly increase heart rate and the release of cholesterol and triglycerides into the bloodstream. Stress is also able to affect blood pressure, causing the occurrence of hypertension that can end in a heart attack or stroke.

11. Alzheimer’s Disease

The major risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia not only come from age, stress factors can be the mastermind behind this condition. Imagine, stress is closely related to the disruption of brain function. When stress is left alone, then gradually, elevated blood levels of cortisol will cause damage to the hippocampus, a part of the cerebrum that functions as a storage space for memory and many other functions.

12. Skin Diseases

Stress causes a chemical reaction in the body that makes the skin more sensitive and reactive. It can also make pre-existing skin ailments more difficult to heal. Have you ever noticed that the face takes out more oil during stress? This is because stress causes the body to make hormones like cortisol, which tells the glands in the skin to make more oil. Oily skin is more prone to acne and other skin problems. Furthermore, stress can aggravate psoriasis, rosacea, and eczema on the skin, especially dry eczema or neurodermatitis.

13. Depression

As if not enough to continue to aggravate the health condition, chronic stress can put the sufferer is in depression. At this stage, a person tends to engage in aggressive or risky behavior.

For example an outlet on drugs, hurting yourself or others until not infrequently can perform attempted murder. Seeing the various diseases caused by stress above, not surprising if stress has a close relationship with early death. Indeed we can not deny the arrival of stress is also a problem in life. But do not necessarily then this condition just crush us in the downturn.

Face and manage stress as best you can. Orient the mind to the solution not by avoiding the problems at hand. If you feel unable to face it yourself, talk to the nearest person or consult a psychiatrist or psychologist.

The Dangers Of Women Tight Pants For Health

Many women love tights as the main choice in dress, because it is considered simple and fashionable. But behind the impression, the habit of wearing tights everyday can invite health hazards. What are the dangers of women’s tights for health? Here’s the description. There are a number of dangerous pants that lurk the health of its users. Starting from skin irritation, inflammation of hair follicles or folliculitis, fungal and bacterial infections of Miss V can lead to a serious condition called compartment syndrome. Check out the full explanation.

Here are the dangers of tights that can not be underestimated:

1. Skin Irritation

The most noticeable danger of tights is the onset of skin irritation characterized by itching and a rash. Friction repeatedly tights, especially jeans with the skin area becomes the main trigger.

2. Folikulitis

Folikulitis is an inflammation that occurs in hair follicles. Bacterial and fungal infections are often the main cause. The use of tight pants that can damage the hair follicles and cause excessive sweating into one of the factors behind the entry of bacteria or fungi into the hair follicles to then menginfeksi.

3. Fungal Infection

The wearing of tight pants in a long time to make the skin excessive sweating. The impact can invite the emergence of fungal infections such as ringworm, candidiasis and tinea cruris or commonly referred to as jock itch.

Symptoms of fungal infections are generally characterized by the appearance of red rash on the skin in the form of a circle and itchy. Although not classified as a serious disease, but a fungal infection will greatly interfere with daily activities due to discomfort from the itching caused.

4. Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis or bacterial vaginosis (BV) is one of the female problems that arise due to disruption of bacterial balance in Miss V. The symptoms are whitish with a watery texture, smells fishy and can be accompanied by itching and sore on Miss V.

There several risk factors that trigger the occurrence of this condition. Among them such as the use of excessive pants, the use of cleaning products made from antiseptic feminine or beauty soap, smoking and often bergonta sexual partners.

5. Dry Eczema

Dry eczema or neurodermatitis is a chronic skin disease characterized by a thickening of the skin due to the manifestation of scratching or rubbing repeatedly on the itchy skin patches.

Although the exact cause is unknown, but the onset of this skin disease can be triggered by the habit of wearing clothes or tight pants that often cause irritation and itching of the skin. In addition, stress or anxiety disorders can also trigger the occurrence of dry eczema.

6. Compartment Syndrome

In serious condition, the frequency of wearing tights especially rough, thick also can trigger the occurrence of compartment syndrome that often attacks the lower legs. This condition can make the sufferer suffer from pain of extremity to difficulty move.

Given the negative impact on health is big enough, it’s good to wear tights are avoided. If it is difficult, then reduce the intensity of its use, not too often. Try also to choose tights made from cotton to absorb sweat.

In addition, while wearing tight pants it is advisable not to pair it with high heels. The reason, will further increase the risk of muscle injury as well as nerves behind the pelvic bone, buttocks, thighs, calves to soles of the feet.

Enjoying Fruits and Vegetables, Should Peel In The First Skin?

Routine habits of enjoying fruits and vegetables every day to be one important factor to support health. However, sometimes the question arises about how best to enjoy it. Does it have to peel the skin first or be enjoyed with the skin, which one is the best? As a matter of consideration, let’s look at the explanation of the advantages as well as the negative impacts that may arise from the consumption of fruit and vegetables and the following skins!

What are the Advantages of Enjoying Fruits and Vegetables With Their Skin?

Several types of fruit and vegetables that can reasonably be enjoyed with the skin like apples, pears, grapes, eggplants, carrots, potatoes or squash can provide vitamins and minerals are much higher when consumed with the skin.

For example on apples and potatoes. Apples and their skins provide 332% vitamin K, 142% vitamin A, 115% vitamin C, 20% calcium and 19% higher potassium than apples that have been peeled.

Likewise with potatoes. Boiled potatoes and their skins provide 175% vitamin C, 115% potassium, 111% folate and 110% magnesium and phosphorus that are bigger than boiled potatoes that have been peeled. In addition, up to 31% of the total amount of fiber in vegetables can be found on the skin. Even reportedly on the skin of the fruit contained antioxidant compounds that are 300 times higher than in the fruit itself. Interesting is not it?

Are there Negative Impacts Due to Fruit and Vegetable Skin Consumption?

Basically, the consumption of fruit and vegetable skin does not have a negative impact on the body. On the contrary, the skin of fruits and vegetables provide a variety of nutrients that are so great for the body. But as we know, farmers generally use pesticides on horticultural products they plant. With the aim of reducing damage and increasing yields.

Not to mention if the fruit and vegetables consumed is the result of imports. The reason, imported fruits and vegetables are suspected to contain various residues or harmful chemicals such as formalin and dye. The goal is none other than to maintain durability. Unfortunately, if these substances continue to be consumed in the long run it can cause harmful effects, such as poisoning on reproductive organs, genetic mutations to cancer.

When entering the body of pregnant or lactating mothers, then high risk to threaten the mother’s health, especially on the baby. Washing can indeed get rid of pesticide residue attached to the skin surface of the fruit. However, based on the latest research results, peeling the skin of fruits or vegetables is the best way to get rid of pesticides and other residues.

Then Which is the Best Way?

Fruit skins also have many nutrients including high fiber which is good for the health of the digestive system and antioxidant compounds that are able to counteract the effects of free radicals. So enjoy the fruits and vegetables and the skin becomes the best way to reap maximum results from various nutritional content in it. With note, choose non-organic fruits and vegetables pesticides.

Characteristic appearance of fruits or vegetables look imperfect, often there are holes caterpillar bites and quickly rot. Suspicious if it looks so shiny, looks toned and fresh even though it’s been long in store. Do not forget to wash fruits and vegetables that want to consume under running water before enjoying it directly. For certain vegetables such as cauliflower or broccoli, preferably soaked for 5 minutes with salt solution. Note also how to cultivate it, especially for vegetables.

The best way to process vegetables by steaming them for a while. The second best way is to bake with aluminum foil or banana leaf. If you really want to boil it, then do not be too long. Then cut vegetables after boiled in order to minimize the wastage of vitamins with boiled water. Still hesitant to enjoy the fruits and vegetables and their skins? So do not hesitate to peel the skin when it feels safer.

How To Quickly Recover Energy After Sickness

Human body cells get their energy from ATP (adenosine triphosphate). When sick, the body uses this high-energy molecule to ward off virus or bacteria-causing attacks. This obviously makes the body so lose a lot of energy so no wonder if we tend to weaken when sick. Although it takes time, fortunately the recovery of energy after illness can be done in several ways.

Here’s how to quickly recover energy when sick:

1. Stay hydrated

Dehydration causes the body easily tired. Therefore, how to recover energy after the first illness is to drink plenty of water. Perform little by little but routine throughout the day. Avoid drinking water in large quantities at once because the body will not be able to absorb everything at the same time.

2. Napping

It is natural to have more rest when the body is less fit. Therefore if it is tired, nap only. Attach the alarm so it goes 40 minutes later. Sleeping briefly can increase alertness and refresh body and soul. Avoid sleeping longer than 40 minutes because when it entered the phase of deeper sleep, you will be difficult to wake up and even feel nervous. The body feels weaker.

3. Reduce fat

After illness, you should reduce or fast eating foods rich in fat, fried foods, or dairy products. High-fat foods can trigger the digestive hormone that causes decreased brain activity. Also avoid sources of foods containing empty calories, which are usually found in junk food and soda.

4. Consumption of healthy foods

Besides avoiding unhealthy foods, you are required to eat healthy foods. Healthy foods that speed recovery between fiber-rich (whole grains), lean protein, fruit, and vegetables. Good food sources can provide nutrients that energize or power the body. Fruits and vegetables rich in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants for example, can help remove free radicals from the blood. The same is true for probiotics.

The University of Michigan Health System reports that probiotics can help strengthen the immune system and make the digestive process run smoothly. Some yogurt and cheeses contain natural probiotics, and foods such as apples, nuts, and berries can increase probiotic levels because they contain prebiotics (food sources for probiotics). And about caffeine, although this content can increase energy, but also can disrupt sleepiness. So if you want to consume, limit until 3 pm.

5. Sport

This way is difficult to do when the body does not have energy, so start and do slowly. Just like some previous points, exercise can also improve the energy and quality of sleep at night. The results showed that moderate activity has a positive impact on the immune system because it can increase temporary production and efficient movement of cells that fend off bacteria and viruses. Another case with extreme sports performed for more than 90 minutes, this can actually lower the body’s immune during the next 72 hours so as to make the body vulnerable to pain again. About when you can start exercising after illness, then the benchmark is on the symptoms, whether ‘above the neck’ or below.

If the symptoms above the neck like a runny nose or cough, it’s okay to exercise moderately. But if symptoms occur under the neck, such as respiratory distress due to flu, diarrhea, or vomiting, then wait until all these symptoms subside. Examples of exercise that can be done after the illness are: Healthy road – to speed up recovery after pain, walk as far as you can, even if it just goes to the front porch. As the days go by, increase their intensity. If you used to run, then do not do too hard or gradually because it can reduce the number of white blood cells and increase the production of stress hormones that even suppress the body’s immune system.

Yoga – Some simple pose in this sport is able to accelerate blood circulation, while meditation techniques can help you relieve stress. Whatever type of exercise is chosen, remember to always drink plenty of water before and during exercise. That way, the body will not get dehydrated. It does not matter if you have frequent breaks to rest, and do not hesitate to end training sessions when symptoms of fatigue such as dizzy or tired.

6. Sleep enough

Although you have a nap, you are still recommended to rest 7-8 hours every night. Avoid sleeping too late for the body to get into the deep sleep stage, the phase where sleep is restorative (restoring energy and repairing tissues and cells).

7. Avoid stress

Stress affects sick people in many ways, one of which is weaken the immune system. Therefore, if you want to quickly recover, avoid stress with relaxation techniques, yoga, doing a favorite hobby, etc..

8. Clean yourself

If possible, take a shower, brush your teeth, and replace the pajamas you’ve been wearing for the past few days. Doing this can trick your mind into believing you’re healed. That way, energy levels increase.

9. Consider this

Make that often sickly, try to observe lifestyle. Often changing lifestyles can keep the body away from disease. For example, quitting smoking or drinking excessive alcohol as both can increase the risk of pain and hinder the healing process. Well that’s a few ways to recover energy after a pain that can be tried. Do it vigorously and do not forget to be accompanied by prayer.

Depression: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention

What is depression?

Depression (major depressive disorder) is a mood disorder or mood of decreased feelings (easy sadness, anger or offense), motor impairment (loss of motivation as well as interest in everything) and decreased thinking process (apathy and despair life). Depression is different from the fluctuations in mood experienced by many as part of normal life. Temporary emotional responses such as grieving or grieving when the loss of a loved one is a natural one. However, if the sadness drags on for weeks or months along with motor degradation is also a process of thinking, then such a condition is called depression. Psychologists call this sadness of depression a “complicated bereavement”.

Types of depression In addition to major depression called major depressive disorder or major depressive disorder, there are also other types of depression including the following: Persistent depressive disorder (PDD). Depression lasting 2 years or more. This term is used to describe two conditions formerly known as dysthymia (low grade persistent depression) and chronic severe depression. Bipolar disorder. Known as bipolar disorder or manic depressive. A condition in which there is a fluctuating mood swings are also extreme. From the previous happy to be very sad and vice versa. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD). The type of depression that is affected by climate change. Usually occurs in countries that have four seasons. Often arise during autumn and peak during winter, then subside / disappear with the arrival of spring or summer. Psychotic depression.

This type of severe depression is accompanied by psychotic symptoms of hallucinations, delusions and paranoia. Peripartum or postpartum depression (PPD). The type of severe depression experienced by women postpartum. May last for weeks and even months. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). A collection of physical, psychological and emotional symptoms lasting a week before menstruation.

Symptoms resemble PMS, but with a more severe degree to interfere with life and relationships with people around. Situational depression. The type of short-term depression associated with an inability to adapt or adjust. Also called reactive depression. It usually develops after a traumatic event or a series of events, such as moving home / school or while losing a job or a loved one.

What are the characteristics and symptoms of depression?

Symptoms of depression vary from one individual to another. But in general, the symptoms of depression are deep feelings of sadness, loss of motivation or interest in everything and persistent despair.

The more symptoms you have, the stronger the symptoms are felt and the longer the symptoms take place, marking the level of depression heavier. Here are the symptoms of depression more:

Psychic symptoms:

  • Feelings of sadness deep and constant.
  • Easily angry and offended.
  • Losing interest in everything.
  • Pessimistic, desperate and feeling worthless.
  • Difficult to concentrate, remember things and make decisions.
  • Always blame yourself.
  • Apathetic.
  • Thinking of hurting yourself or others.
  • Thinking of attempting murder against yourself or someone else.

Physical symptoms:

  • Fatigue.
  • Psychomotor agitation, restless appears to repeat useless activity.
  • Psychomotor retardation, slowing of movement, thinking and saying.
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia.
  • Headache and pain (back, neck, joint, chest and other).
  • Weight loss or weight gain.
  • Appetite is lost or increased.
  • Decreased libido.
  • Disruption of menstrual cycle in women.

It is said to be depressed when experiencing five or more of the above symptoms (both psychic and physical) and persist for at least 2 weeks, to interfere with daily activities and relationships with people around.

When should I see a doctor?

Immediately consult a psychiatrist or psychiatrist if you feel any disturbing emotional distress and have a direct impact on the deteriorating quality of everyday life.

Causes and Risk Factors What causes depression?

Experts to date have not been able to know for sure the cause of depression. Strongly conjecture, this condition is caused by a combination of several complex factors such as biological factors such as imbalances of neurotransmitters and hormones, psychological factors such as personality and social factors such as lack of social support.

Who is more at risk of depression?

Factors that can increase a person’s risk of depression include:

  • Family history. A person with a family history of depression, alcoholism and suicide is more at risk of depression.
  • Gender. Women have twice the risk of depression compared to men.
  • Age. Young age groups, ie adolescents and adults are more prone to depression.
  • Lifestyle. In some people, unhealthy lifestyles like staying up too often, lazy to exercise, smoking, drinking or eating junk food can lead to depression.
  • Disease. Serious or chronic diseases such as cancer, stroke, diabetes or heart disease can trigger sufferers to lose confidence and self-esteem (self-esteem) that can lead to depression.
  • Drugs. Tranquilizers, steroid therapy, anti-hypertension, chemotherapy drugs and drugs such as cannabis and shabu-shabu can trigger depression because it affects chemicals in the brain and cause dependence.
  • Personality. A person who is perfectionist, hypersensitive, shy / dependent, overly dependent, anxious or easily affected and introverted more at risk of depression.
  • Traumatic events and stress. Violence or physical or sexual abuse, death or loss of loved ones, employment and financial problems pose a great risk of triggering depression.
  • Sexual abnormalities. Someone who has sexual disorders such as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender are at great risk of depression.

Examination and Diagnosis How to confirm the diagnosis of depression?

The diagnosis of depression is done through a thorough evaluation, including interviews, physical and psychological examinations. In some cases, a blood test may be needed to rule out the possibility of another disease that causes symptoms resembling depression. For example, such as thyroid disease, brain tumor or vitamin deficiency.

Drugs and Medication

How to treat depression at home?

Treating depression at home can be done by increasing the consumption of soothing foods such as chocolate and berries accompanied by the application of some simple relaxation methods through deep breathing exercises, meditation, yoga and other things that can focus the mind and soul to the Creator.

What are the handling and medications for depression in health care? Handling of principled depression on biopsychosocial approaches. Biologically by using drugs in the form of antidepressants, psychological using psychotherapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy (thognitive behavioral theraphy), problem-solving therapy, interpersonal therapy or psychodynamic and social therapy using social support and modification.

What are the possible complications of depression that may arise?

Depression is a serious health condition that can bring a bad influence on the patient as well as those around him. Some of the complications associated with depression include:

  • Obesity that triggers the occurrence of heart disease and diabetes.
  • Abuse of alcohol and illegal drugs.
  • Social isolation.
  • Violence against self as well as others.
  • Suicide.
  • Early death due to medical conditions that may arise.

Prevention How to prevent depression?

Some ways that can be applied as a preventive measure of depression include:

  • Maintaining spirituality.
  • Learn to be able to manage stress or mental stress as best as you can.
  • Maintain good relationships with family and people around.
  • Equip yourself with depression knowledge including the signs or symptoms.
  • Changing personality becomes more open, flexible and realistic.
  • Refreshes and rests on daily routine.