Pregnancy is one of the most important periods before becoming a mother. Therefore, a prospective mother should really pay attention to various things during pregnancy, one of which is food. Many foods are safe to eat, but not a few foods to avoid during pregnancy. Based on the type and way of processing, here are some foods to avoid during pregnancy. Foods to Avoid
When Pregnant Some foods to avoid during pregnancy are raw foods, junk food, milk and cheese without pasteurization, fruit and vegetables that are not washed and alcohol. While some foods that should be restricted during pregnancy include seafood, offal and caffeine. Here’s the complete explanation:
At present, sea water pollution has entered the limit is quite alarming. Plastic wastes and various chemical wastes that are toxic as metal and mercury floating and deposited in the oceans will certainly affect the environment of marine life, such as fish and shellfish.
Therefore, pregnant women are encouraged to limit the consumption of seafood. Although it contains quite a lot of nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and fatty acids.
Several types of seafood contained quite a lot of chemical waste, especially mercury such as sharks, tuna, marlyn fish, king mackarel and shellfish. Experts advise to limit consumption of fish with high mercury levels, no more than 1-2 servings / month. As for types of fish with low mercury content such as anchovies, salmon, freshwater fish (catfish, carp or tilapia) and types of shrimp-crackers can be consumed up to 2 times a week.
2. Raw or Half Food
Raw or half-cooked foods, both fish and meat, are among the foods that should be avoided during pregnancy. Why? because these types of foods can increase the risk of infection from various bacteria and parasites. One of the most vulnerable infections in pregnant women when consuming raw foods is listeria or listeriosis infection. Bacteria that cause listeria infection can be found in soil, water, and plants that have been contaminated.
This infection is quite dangerous, both to the safety of mother and baby. In addition to causing a miscarriage, babies are born at great risk of suffering from severe neurological disorders including mental disorders, epilepsy, and blindness.
For that, you should consume food with a perfect level of maturity. Avoid the consumption of sushi and steak with the level of rare or medium maturity. In addition, choose vegetables or vegetables that are safe to eat. Make sure to wash it clean so that no bacteria is left behind. If necessary, vegetables can be boiled or steamed in advance for a few minutes.
Actually the innards or organs in animals such as the liver provide some essential nutrients. Like iron, vitamin B12, vitamin A and copper, which is full of good for pregnant women and their babies.
However, experts advise to limit their consumption, only once a week. It aims to avoid the toxicity of vitamin A and copper due to excessive intestinal consumption which can cause birth defects and liver toxicity.
4. Raw Eggs
As has been said before, that raw food consumption should be avoided during pregnancy. This suggestion also applies to eggs. Raw eggs may be contaminated with Salmonella bacteria. The impact of this bacterial toxicity can lead to the emergence of several symptoms such as deman, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Use pre-pasteurized or cooked eggs to avoid Salmonella bacteria infection in eggs.
5. Junk Food
Junk food or junk food is a term used to describe unhealthy food because it contains only a few nutrients with a relatively high sugar or fatty content. That’s why junk food is one of the foods that should be avoided during pregnancy. Consumption of this type of food especially during pregnancy can increase the risk of pregnancy or birth complications such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes.
6. Milk and Cheese without Pasteurization
Milk and cheese without pasteurization or heating process should be avoided by pregnant women, as it may contain several harmful bacteria such as Listeria, Salmonella, E. coli and Campylobacter. Bacterial infections will certainly be very threatening mother’s safety as well as the fetus in the womb. In order to minimize the risk of bacterial infection, should the consumption of milk, cheese and various olahannnya products that have passed the process of pasterurisasi.
7. Unwashed Fruits and Vegetables
Fruit and vegetable surfaces may be contaminated by various types of bacteria or parasites from the soil or through the process of harvesting, storage, transportation to market, both traditional and modern. One of the dangerous infections that can arise from the consumption of fruit and vegetables that are not washed first is toxoplasmosis.
This infection is caused by Toxoplasma gondii parasites that can stick long in fruit and vegetables. Most people with toxoplasmosis often do not cause symptoms. In the meantime, some people may experience flu-like symptoms lasting longer than a month. Pregnant women who suffer from toxoplasmosis infection can infect the baby. As a result, there will be brain damage, hearing loss and visual impairment in infants that may arise months or years after birth.
8. Alcohol and Caffeine
Consuming alcohol during pregnancy is highly discouraged, as it may affect the baby’s brain development and increase the risk of miscarriage and birth defects. Pregnant women who consume alcohol are at greater risk of fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). This syndrome can cause physical deformities, heart abnormalities and mental retardation in later infants.
Meanwhile for caffeine, experts recommend limiting their intake to less than 200 mg during pregnancy. Just known, in a cup of brewed coffee (237 ml) contains about 95 mg of caffeine. A cup of tea (237 ml) contains about 47 mg of caffeine and 12 ounces (355 ml) of soft drinks containing about 33 mg of caffeine.
That’s some food also drinks that should be avoided or limited intake during pregnancy. Notice correctly all the intake of food to be consumed, because it will greatly affect the baby and grow later.