How To Properly Treat Your Own Burn Injuries at Home

What do you do when you have a burn? Most people apply it with toothpaste, but is this the right move ?. Surely, how to treat burns should not be considered trivial. If this initial step is right done, then the chances of recovery will be better.

What is a burn? In order to treat burns on target, our perception of this condition should be appropriate. In medical terms the burn is referred to as a combustio ie injury or injury to the body caused by high or hot temperatures. So, burns can appear at any time because the cause is not always straight from a fire burn.

Burns can occur when the skin is touched by a hot pot, exposed to splashes or hot spills, or exposed to sunlight for long periods of time. Electrical shock also falls into this category. Burns themselves have their levels. The first level is considered the lightest because it only concerns the outer surface of the skin. Such burns generally cause only slight pain, redness, and swelling. Another case with second degree burns that affect the deeper layers of skin. This usually triggers the appearance of blister sores (like the image at the beginning). Next is a 3rd degree burn that causes damage to all layers of the skin, symptoms include glossy white skin color such as wax, charred, and uneven leather texture. Worse than that is the 4 degrees already damaging the joints and bones.

Knowing the degree is very important, as this will determine the proper treatment or handling of burns. For example, in someone who suffered 3 and 4 degree burns, then he must be immediately rushed to the ER Hospital. While for those who suffered degree 1 and 2 burns with a wound depth of less than 3 inches (about 7.5 cm), can take care of itself at home. Handling of burns should be adjusted to the degree of burns.

For that, let us learn how to treat burns at home and which drugs should be avoided. How to Treat Burns at Home Mild burns generally take about 1-2 weeks to recover completely, and usually this wound will not cause scars. The goal of treatment to be mentioned below is to reduce the pain, prevent infection, and heal the skin more quickly. This is the right way to handle burns at home:

1. Cold water

The first thing to do when exposed to minor burns is splashing cold water (not ice water) into the area for 20 minutes. After that, clean the burning area using baby soap and water.

2. Cold compress

Cold compress or wet cloth placed on the burning skin can also relieve pain and swelling. Apply compresses with a 5-15 minute time lag as excessive use can aggravate irritation.

3. Antibiotic ointment

Applying an antibiotic cream or ointment over an injured skin can prevent further infection. After applying, cover the skin with a sterile gauze.

4. Aloe vera

Problem burning handling, aloe vera is one of the champion. Various studies show that aloe vera is effective in healing burns level 1 and 2. In addition, aloe vera is also anti-inflammatory, can stimulate circulation, and prevent bacterial growth. You live smear the skin with pure aloe vera gel, whether taken directly from the leaves or from products sold in stores. If the finished product is your choice, make sure that the high tongue level is high, and the product is not added with additives, especially dyes and perfumes.

5. Honey

Just like aloe vera, you can also apply honey to skin affected by minor burns to cure it. Besides being anti-inflammatory, honey also contains antibacterial and antifungal agents.

6. Avoid exposure to sunlight

How to treat the next burn of course is to avoid direct sunlight. Even if the activity requires you to be outdoors, then often take shelter. The reason is because skin that has been exposed to burns tend to be sensitive to sunlight. So cover that part also with clothing or other.

7. Avoid squeezing blisters

It is very tempting to squeeze or break blister burns, but do not do it. When blisters blister prematurely, then it can trigger an infection. Therefore, wait a few days or let it break itself. You should check it to the doctor if you are worried about it.

8. Drinking painkillers

If burns make you sick, then take analgesic drugs or pain reliever sold freely in pharmacies, such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Be sure to consume the recommended dosage, and use it as necessary.

Drug burns to avoid

In addition to how to treat burns earlier, there are also other methods of handling burns that many people believe. Unfortunately, the methods in question are not effective, and can even aggravate the condition. What are they?

1. Butter

Never apply butter to burns. Besides not yet proven scientifically effective, butter can even worsen the wound. The nature of butter that locks the heat can fertilize the dangerous bacteria that cause infection.

2. Certain oil

It is true that coconut oil has 1001 good benefits for the body, but this does not apply to burns. The reason is the same as the butter, coconut oil and other oils like olives, withstand the heat that can keep skin burning. And although lavender oil is thought to help heal burns, there is little scientific evidence to support it. Various studies conducted on rats for example, do not show that lavender oil can treat burns.

3. Egg whites

Myths how to treat other burns is with egg whites. Unfortunately, raw egg white is not sterile and can actually increase the risk of bacterial infection so it should not be applied to burns. In addition, egg whites can also trigger allergic reactions.

4. Toothpaste

Never apply toothpaste to burns even though many friends suggest you do it. The reason is because the ingredients of toothpaste can irritate burns making it more prone to infection. Moreover, toothpaste is also not sterile.

5. Ice

Ice or very cold water can irritate more burns. Never attach ice cubes directly to the skin, normal skin alone should not let alone the injured. For that use cold water only.

Time to see a doctor

As mentioned earlier, the burn has several levels that can be distinguished from its characteristics. Although grade 1 and 2 burns can be resolved at home, check your doctor immediately if the burn is as below:

  • Large, more than 3 inches (7.5 cm) in diameter.
  • Regarding face, hands, buttocks, or groin.
  • Very painful or smelly.
  • Trigger high fever.
  • Due to electronic devices or electrocution – can cause damage to deep tissue skin.
  • Including degree 3 – should not be handled alone because of the risk of triggering infection, bleeding, and shock.

By applying the ways to treat burns above, it is hoped the healing process will be faster without meaningless complications.

How To Quickly Recover Energy After Sickness

Human body cells get their energy from ATP (adenosine triphosphate). When sick, the body uses this high-energy molecule to ward off virus or bacteria-causing attacks. This obviously makes the body so lose a lot of energy so no wonder if we tend to weaken when sick. Although it takes time, fortunately the recovery of energy after illness can be done in several ways.

Here’s how to quickly recover energy when sick:

1. Stay hydrated

Dehydration causes the body easily tired. Therefore, how to recover energy after the first illness is to drink plenty of water. Perform little by little but routine throughout the day. Avoid drinking water in large quantities at once because the body will not be able to absorb everything at the same time.

2. Napping

It is natural to have more rest when the body is less fit. Therefore if it is tired, nap only. Attach the alarm so it goes 40 minutes later. Sleeping briefly can increase alertness and refresh body and soul. Avoid sleeping longer than 40 minutes because when it entered the phase of deeper sleep, you will be difficult to wake up and even feel nervous. The body feels weaker.

3. Reduce fat

After illness, you should reduce or fast eating foods rich in fat, fried foods, or dairy products. High-fat foods can trigger the digestive hormone that causes decreased brain activity. Also avoid sources of foods containing empty calories, which are usually found in junk food and soda.

4. Consumption of healthy foods

Besides avoiding unhealthy foods, you are required to eat healthy foods. Healthy foods that speed recovery between fiber-rich (whole grains), lean protein, fruit, and vegetables. Good food sources can provide nutrients that energize or power the body. Fruits and vegetables rich in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants for example, can help remove free radicals from the blood. The same is true for probiotics.

The University of Michigan Health System reports that probiotics can help strengthen the immune system and make the digestive process run smoothly. Some yogurt and cheeses contain natural probiotics, and foods such as apples, nuts, and berries can increase probiotic levels because they contain prebiotics (food sources for probiotics). And about caffeine, although this content can increase energy, but also can disrupt sleepiness. So if you want to consume, limit until 3 pm.

5. Sport

This way is difficult to do when the body does not have energy, so start and do slowly. Just like some previous points, exercise can also improve the energy and quality of sleep at night. The results showed that moderate activity has a positive impact on the immune system because it can increase temporary production and efficient movement of cells that fend off bacteria and viruses. Another case with extreme sports performed for more than 90 minutes, this can actually lower the body’s immune during the next 72 hours so as to make the body vulnerable to pain again. About when you can start exercising after illness, then the benchmark is on the symptoms, whether ‘above the neck’ or below.

If the symptoms above the neck like a runny nose or cough, it’s okay to exercise moderately. But if symptoms occur under the neck, such as respiratory distress due to flu, diarrhea, or vomiting, then wait until all these symptoms subside. Examples of exercise that can be done after the illness are: Healthy road – to speed up recovery after pain, walk as far as you can, even if it just goes to the front porch. As the days go by, increase their intensity. If you used to run, then do not do too hard or gradually because it can reduce the number of white blood cells and increase the production of stress hormones that even suppress the body’s immune system.

Yoga – Some simple pose in this sport is able to accelerate blood circulation, while meditation techniques can help you relieve stress. Whatever type of exercise is chosen, remember to always drink plenty of water before and during exercise. That way, the body will not get dehydrated. It does not matter if you have frequent breaks to rest, and do not hesitate to end training sessions when symptoms of fatigue such as dizzy or tired.

6. Sleep enough

Although you have a nap, you are still recommended to rest 7-8 hours every night. Avoid sleeping too late for the body to get into the deep sleep stage, the phase where sleep is restorative (restoring energy and repairing tissues and cells).

7. Avoid stress

Stress affects sick people in many ways, one of which is weaken the immune system. Therefore, if you want to quickly recover, avoid stress with relaxation techniques, yoga, doing a favorite hobby, etc..

8. Clean yourself

If possible, take a shower, brush your teeth, and replace the pajamas you’ve been wearing for the past few days. Doing this can trick your mind into believing you’re healed. That way, energy levels increase.

9. Consider this

Make that often sickly, try to observe lifestyle. Often changing lifestyles can keep the body away from disease. For example, quitting smoking or drinking excessive alcohol as both can increase the risk of pain and hinder the healing process. Well that’s a few ways to recover energy after a pain that can be tried. Do it vigorously and do not forget to be accompanied by prayer.